Canonical URL Best Practices: Prevent Duplicate Content

Your website might be small with fewer pages or big with plenty of webpages. But chances of having duplicate URLs or content can be there. So it’s good to add canonical URL in the source code of your webpage to avoid duplicate URL challenges.

For example, these 4 Home page URLs might seem the same to humans but for search engines, these URLs are different with the same content.

So its solution is to leverage a canonical tag, an HTML tag, that highlights the preferred URL like in this case.

What is Canonical URL?

A canonical URL is a preferred URL for any webpage which is considered for indexing and ranking purposes by search engines. A canonical tag, rel=”canonical”, is added within the source code of your webpage which highlights this preferred URL version.

<link rel="canonical" href="" />

In February 2009 Google, Yahoo and Microsoft announced support for rel="canonical" tag as a solution to reduce duplicate content.

Reasons for Duplicate Content

There may be different reasons for having multiple URLs with duplicate content on your website. Here we have three most common reasons for duplicate content:

  • Your website server creates ‘http’, ‘https’, ‘www’, ‘non-www’ variants of each URL due to some configuration like:
  • Your website has some dynamic URLs with parameters like:
  • You have different versions of your website based on devices like desktop and mobile:

Best Practices

Now let’s see some canonical URL best practices that are helpful in preventing duplicate content in your websites.

1. Add Canonical Tag in <head>

The canonical tag rel="canonical" should be added within <head> of your webpage as early as possible. If this canonical tag is added in the <body> part of your webpage then it’s not considered by search engine crawlers.

2. Use Absolute URL in rel="canonical" Tag

You should always use an absolute URL in rel="canonical" tag as it should include a complete URL. Avoid using a relative URL that doesn’t include a complete path.

Canonical Tag - Use Absolute URL

3. Apply 301 Redirect to Canonical URL

You should permanently redirect URLs with duplicate content to the preferred canonical URL. This helps both your users and search engines to reach the webpage with the primary content.

For example in the case of your Home page all the URL variations like, and redirect to your preferred URL

4. Add Preferred URL in XML Sitemap

It’s good to add your canonical webpage URLs in your XML sitemap. This helps crawlers to crawl only the preferred URLs instead of duplicate URLs in your website. Adding preferred URL versions in XML sitemaps is more helpful in large websites with plenty of webpages.

5. Add Only Working URL

Remember to add only working URL as canonical URL with primary content in Canonical tag. You should avoid a broken URL with the 4xx status codes or redirected URL with 3xx status codes as canonical URL.

6. Use Canonical Tag Once

Each webpage should have only one canonical tag rel="canonical" in its source code. If your webpage has more than one canonical URL then none will be considered by search engine crawlers.

7. Add Indexable URL Only

URL which you specify in your webpage’s canonical tag should be indexable which you want to rank in search engines. Any URL which has a noindex robots meta tag must not be considered a canonical URL.

8. Self-referencing Canonical in Pagination

Pagination is when you distribute your content in a series of webpages. This can be due to a long article divided into 2 or more webpages or a list of products shown in series of 2 or more webpages on your website.

You should implement self-referencing canonical URL, with pagination attributes rel=”prev” & rel=”next”, in case of pagination in your website.

<link rel="prev" href="" />
<link rel="next" href="" />
<link rel="canonical" href="" />

9. Cross-domain rel="canonical" Tag

You might have multiple domains where you publish the same article or post for some reason. But you want to rank only one domain for that original content that you have published in your other domains too.

In this case, you should leverage the cross-domain rel="canonical" tag to indicate a specific domain with the original post which needs to be considered for ranking in search engine results.

Preventing duplicate content issues on their website.

To prevent duplicate content issues on your website, implementing canonical URL best practices is essential. By setting canonical tags properly, you can signal to search engines which version of a URL should be considered as the primary source of content, consolidating link equity and avoiding content duplication. This proactive approach not only helps maintain the integrity of your website but also safeguards against potential penalties from search engines for duplicate content, ensuring a positive impact on your website's search engine ranking and visibility.

Avoiding penalties from search engines for duplicate content.

By adhering to canonical URL best practices, you can effectively avoid penalties from search engines for duplicate content. Implementing canonical tags correctly helps search engines understand the preferred version of content, preventing confusion and ensuring that your website maintains compliance with search engine guidelines. This proactive measure safeguards your website's reputation and ranking in search engine results, allowing you to maintain a competitive edge without the risk of penalties or detrimental impacts on your website's visibility and performance.

Optimizing website structure and navigation for better SEO performance.

Optimizing your website structure and navigation according to canonical URL best practices is crucial for enhancing SEO performance. By consolidating duplicate content through canonical tags, you streamline search engine crawling and indexing processes, improving the overall efficiency of your website. This strategic approach not only prevents duplicate content issues but also aligns with SEO best practices, enhancing your website's visibility and competitiveness in search results, ultimately driving more organic traffic and improving user engagement.

Aligning with SEO best practices and guidelines to stay competitive in search results.

Aligning with canonical URL best practices ensures that your website stays competitive in search results by adhering to SEO guidelines. By implementing canonical tags correctly, you demonstrate a commitment to providing authoritative and reliable content to users and search engines alike. This proactive approach not only prevents duplicate content issues but also helps your website maintain its credibility and relevance in the eyes of search engines, ultimately leading to improved search engine ranking and visibility over time.


Every website should leverage Canonical URL to indicate the preferred URL version for all the webpages. This helps search engine crawlers to consider URLs with primary content only, which helps:

  • To index and rank correct URLs in search engine results.
  • Prevent the duplicate content in your website.

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